The management of response operations in case of natural disaster : from litterature to reality
Promotor(s) : Arda, Yasemin
Date of defense : 23-Jun-2016/28-Jun-2016 • Permalink :
|Title :||The management of response operations in case of natural disaster : from litterature to reality|
|Translated title :||[fr] La gestion des opérations de réponse en cas de catastrophe naturelle: de la littérature à la réalité|
|Author :||Brevery, Celia|
|Date of defense :||23-Jun-2016/28-Jun-2016|
|Advisor(s) :||Arda, Yasemin|
|Committee's member(s) :||Pironet, Thierry
|Keywords :||[en] Disaster management, humanitarian logistics, emergency management, humanitarian organizations, relief operations|
|Discipline(s) :||Business & economic sciences > Production, distribution & supply chain management|
|Institution(s) :||Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique|
|Degree:||Master en ingénieur de gestion, à finalité spécialisée en Supply Chain Management and Business Analytics|
|Faculty:||Master thesis of the HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'ULg|
[en] The global impact of an increasing number of natural disasters in recent years has resulted in an increased interest and focus by scientific and academic researchers on disaster management. Looking back into the past, there were 317 natural disasters reported in 2014. This increasing number of natural disasters leads humanitarian organizations to grow, be better prepared and, thus, develop better responsive strategies to face them. Disasters have enormous impacts in terms of deaths and financial losses that are not avoidable, but that can be reduced thanks to an appropriate management of the response operations in the emergency supply chain.
This paper aims at identifying the gaps that exist, between the literature and the reality, in the management of response operations in case of natural disasters and to detect and understand the specificities of humanitarian supply chains in order to improve the management of those response operations.
This paper is to be divided into five parts. It begins with the positioning of the concept of disaster management by providing an overview of the disaster management cycle and its components. A focus on the response operations conducted in the aftermath of a disaster is then made; especially on the challenges and characteristics linked respectively to the transportation of relief items and to the communication and coordination between the humanitarian teams. After that, on the basis of interviews I have conducted, the intervention processes of four humanitarian organizations when responding to disasters are explained. This part is illustrated by a concrete example of the management of response operations through the interview of one volunteer back from a relief mission in Ecuador regarding the earthquake of April 2016. Finally, a comparison of what was found in the literature with the information that was provided in the interviews is given in order to identify the true characteristics and challenges of emergency logistics.
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