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Faculté des Sciences appliquées
Faculté des Sciences appliquées
MASTER THESIS
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Towards Local Consumption of Renewable Energy Using Electric Vehicles

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Cauz, Marine ULg
Promotor(s) : Ernst, Damien ULg
Date of defense : 27-Jun-2016/28-Jun-2016 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/1553
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Title : Towards Local Consumption of Renewable Energy Using Electric Vehicles
Translated title : [fr] Vers une consommation locale d'énergie renouvelable au moyen de voitures électriques
Author : Cauz, Marine ULg
Date of defense  : 27-Jun-2016/28-Jun-2016
Advisor(s) : Ernst, Damien ULg
Committee's member(s) : Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg
Louveaux, Quentin ULg
Wehenkel, Louis ULg
Language : English
Number of pages : 90
Discipline(s) : Engineering, computing & technology > Electrical & electronics engineering
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en ingénieur civil électricien, à finalité approfondie
Faculty: Master thesis of the Faculté des Sciences appliquées

Abstract

[en] This master thesis is dedicated to the study of strategies promoting the local consumption of electricity produced from renewable resources using electric vehicles (EVs). In this context, EVs are considered as mobile and flexible batteries offering the opportunity to reduce the curtailment of electricity produced from renewable resources. Given the knowledge of charging stations and EVs starting point and destinations, minimizing the curtailment of electricity can be formalized into a dispatching problem, i.e. finding an allocation strategy between EVs and charging stations. We propose two approaches to tackle this problem: the first approach, qualified as the priority based strategy, is a strategy based on a set of priority rules, exploiting some predetermined principles based on human behaviour. This first approach also serves as a reference strategy. The second approach is built upon genetic optimization, where dispatching strategies are encoded using genes, and the search towards (local) optima is done using genetic operators. In addition to the dispatching strategies, a simulation platform has been developed, showing close-to-reality characteristics, with geographical parameters corresponding to Belgium. The master thesis proposes an incremental presentation of this platform in terms of complexity augmenting features and realistic assumptions from one chapter to the other. Our two approaches are finally compared using the simulation platform. Simulation results show that genetic optimization performs better than the priority rules-based approach, but this comes with a computational cost that may grow significantly with the number of EVs and charging stations. We finally propose a discussion about the enhancement of the genetic programming approach, and propose several research directions based on the incorporation of prior knowledge into the genetic optimization process.


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Author

  • Cauz, Marine ULg Université de Liège > Master ingé. civ. électr., fin. appr. (ex 2e master)

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg Université de Liège - ULg > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Systèmes et modélisation
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Louveaux, Quentin ULg Université de Liège - ULg > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Systèmes et modélisation : Optimisation discrète
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Wehenkel, Louis ULg Université de Liège - ULg > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Systèmes et modélisation
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
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